Cash Transfer Program influence on reducing economic hardship among the vAGYWs in Msalala District.
Economic hardship in Msalala district tend to be a huge influence to the young girls to engage themselves in risky behaviours whereby this is due to poverty rate at a community level so this force girls to mostly have commercial sex so as to manage to conduct their lives. Pili Juma Lufilisha from Jomu village in Chela ward 21yrs mother of two children failed to continue with her secondary education because of pregnancy whereby she ended in form three in 2014 after being pregnant, so she give birth to her first child when she was 18yrs old and bad luck the father of the child refuse the child so Pili took the responsibilities of raising the child alone in a very poor situation, later on she went to Kahama and do a job as a housegirl and then she met the father of her kid and he impregnate her again in 2016 so she got her second child when she was 20yrs old and later on the man refused the child again, due to this life condition became more tough to Pili because she had to take care of both two children alone in which she had no any productive activities at that particular time.
DREAM project has been performing its activities in Msalala for three years now within different wards whereby the project work together with EWs and PEs in the process of implementing its different activities towards the vAGYW, under CTP vAGYW have benefited with the fund which in one way or the other it has contribute to improve their living conditions.
Pili Juma joined SAUTI program in April 2017 whereby she joined in the WORTH+ group known as Urafiki and then she received different package from SAUTI program like 10 sessions of SBCC also business education, and then she received the phone under CTP in My 2017 and later on
September 2017 she received money from CTP whereby she used the money to employ people to help her to prepare a piece of land for cucumber and watermelon production and also she used the money for buying cucumber seeds and fertilizer which help in maintenance of the farm and also good plant germination and also the remaining money she used it for hiring a farm for rice farming. At the end of October Pili decided to take a loan from the group whereby she took ten thousand and bought another cucumber seeds and also watermelon seeds. So this shows that there is existence of interaction between CTP and WORTH+ groups in the process of improving the life of vAGYW. Through CTP a large number of its beneficiaries have become able to depend on themselves because many of them have started business which are helping them and even their families because the fund they have received stand as their capital and to others the have add up to the business they had before and made the expansion to those business.
“I am so glad because of the project because through CTP I have manage to prepare a farm and plant seeds cucumber and watermelon and also I have manage to also hire a one acre farm to do rice farming through the money remained something which I have never thought if I could alone, I expect when I will harvest the rice, cucumber and watermelon I will be able to have enough money to take care of my children and my family and myself and also to be able to save some of the money for the future use. I would like to applaud the project especially CTP unit because it has manage to raise us and be able to improve our life status therefore I want to recommend that the project to keep on helping us so as to make us able to improve our life and also to continue do economic leverage”.
Msalala Adolescent girls and young women against Poverty
Adolescent girls and youngwomen face different levels of economic vulnerability depending on their economic resources and mechanisms to cope with the impact of poverty and new HIV/AIDs infections. SAUTI project implemented in Tanzania, Msalala being one of districts where the project is implemented, it seeks to contribute to the improved health status of all Tanzanians through a sustained reduction in new HIV infections. Sauti aims that all KVP in program communities are able to actively participate in a core package of vulnerability-tailored, high-quality health, client- and community-centered combination (biomedical, behavioral and structural) prevention services;
In Msalala district AGYWs who are out of school face different economic difficulties due to high rate of poverty making them to be highly dependent to their relatives and partners which increase theirvulnerability rate automatically, this is because most of AGYWs generate their income through having multiple partners to cover up their personal and family expenses.
Salome Laurent was born on 5/5/1995 in Bariadi.Salome Laurent who is now 22 years old got married in 2012 by Suleiman Amosi and managed to have two children a girl and a boy. currently Salome and her family lives in CHELA ward in Msalala DC. Salome completed her primary education in 2008, after she completed her education Salome was not able to continue with further studies she stayed at home. In 2012 Salome got married to Suleiman who after marring her in 2015 he started teaching her tailoring. In April 2017 Salome joined URAFIKI WORTH group found in Jomu ,Chela Ward and was registered in Cash Transfer Program. She immediately started getting trainings on village banking and saving,SBCC trainings and biomedical services though which she was able to have family planning services too. With what ever little she got from her tailoring activities Salome saved them in the group as compulsory and voluntary savings.where by every week she serve 1000 as compulsory saving as it was agreed by the group members in their constitution. In October Salome received her money from Cash Transfer which was 71500. Due to the fact that the income obtained from the tailoring activity was not sufficient enough to accommodate her needs and increase in dependency to her husband, Salome decided to hire a farm 1.5 acre from her CTP money. Salome ability to think of investing in agriculture to increase her income was due to the the trainings she got from SBCC and economic strengthening trainings she got by being in the WORTH group. Later Salome went to get a loan from her WORTH group whereby she took 10000/=tsh and went to buy maize and grand nuts seeds and went to farm the land and plant the seeds. After two weeks Salome took another loan of 10000/=tsh, which she went and buy plant growing medicines and sprayed it in the maize.
SAUTI project through structural intervention will continue to build on the successful WORTH+ empowerment model by sensitizing project beneficiaries to register saving groups and by mentoring ward empowerment workers (EWs), managing groups for sustainability and vAGYW care. Sauti will also focus on assessing those participating WORTH+ groups established in FY16 who have received a level of economic security and can care for their basic needs. Salome being one of the AGYW inrolled in WORTH group, is being a good picture of the achievement of SAUTI project by managing to take a stape in initiating agricultural activity so as to improve her economic status and stop being dependent to her husband, whereas she may be in a good position to contribute in family development activities forexample building a comfortable house for her and her family.
“I am very happy being Enrolled in WORTH groups,I have manages to get family planning services which has helped me to have a family (children) which I can easily manage). Now I have peace with my husband and he respects me because I help him to decide well and contributing to the family expenses. My regards to SHDEPHA + for supporting me by acknowledging my work. My advice is that this project should be continuos because through it we young girls and women can access easily health services and we get knowledge on how to behave and improve our economic status, this will eventually decrease new infections of HIV/AIDs to AGYW, for every one will be able to decide well what is right and what is wrong ,with good economic status AGYW will stop being dependent to men.
A RESCUE TO SURVIVAL
In Tanzania especially in rural areas people are living under the high rate of poverty, youths are more affected with poverty especially girls, it push them to engage in many risk behaviours which are mostly put their lives and health status in danger, young girls and women are decide to get married at low age in between 16 to 19 years, the purpose of getting married is to avoid being a burden to their parents also to find economic relief through men they are getting married with. In Shinyanga region in Msalala DC poverty is one among the problems which face many youths, young girls and women tend to offer sex or accept early marriage to men so that they could and be able to take care of their needs and those who are depending on them, . Like other adolescent girls and young women like KWANDO NYAKISHO, desperately seek a rescue to stay afloat when family support is out of reach.
Kwando saw her life hopelessly smash several years ago when her first boyfriend impregnated her while she was in Form Four and her poor parents never wanted to know what had happened so they forced her out of home barely immediately before the pregnancy was seen to other people in the community.
“I left home with nothing; not even my few torn and tired clothes, all were left behind,” Kwando says.
The struggling adolescent young Kwando had to seek for casual works from different places around in a nearby center where she was hired to work in a small food restaurant just to be able to cater for her basic needs and take care of her pregnancy. While working in a restaurant she came across a fellow young girl who introduced to her about WORTH+ groups that she became very interested to know more about and quickly had to join.
Kwando has managed to make a living by selling small fish, tomatoes, onions, pawpaw, Irish potatoes, beans, peanuts and other food products with a loan and savings from her Vijana Worth+ group in Segese ward. The group enabled Kwando to save small amount every week, which allowed her to eventually have a loan of 200,000Tsh as capital to start a business. And within a five month period she had returned the all amount of loan to the group, she remained using her profit to accumulate more profit and now she is having a profit of Tsh.500,000/= out of her business as a total profit accumulated.
“I am no longer the same”!! Kwando says.
Through Sauti project, more than 432 Adolcent girls and young women have engaged into small business and other more than 1600 are involved themselves in agricultural activities in Msalala DC .